Monash Faculty of Art, Design and Architecture’s (MADA) new XYX Lab examined the results of Plan International Australia’s city-mapping project Free to Be which was live from October to December last year.
During this time girls and young women were able to mark on the cloud-synced data map the places where they did and didn’t feel safe. In an Australian first mapping project, these direct experiences of girls and young women navigating a big city have been collated and the results about public transport are stark.
In its analysis, XYX Lab examined more than 1300 pins and 600 comments left on ‘happy’ and ‘sad’ places on the map – mostly centred on the inner Melbourne suburbs – which ranged from descriptions of actual incidents, to general reflections on the space.
Around 14 per cent of the survey results related to public transport. More than 60 per cent referred to rail transport, and around a third mentioned issues with trams. Very few pins referred to buses. Comments were grouped into three major areas: railway stations (particularly travel to and from a station), incidents and fears when waiting for public transport, and the recording of incidents on public transport.
Director of XYX Lab, Dr Nicole Kalms, said: "This research highlights the devastating effects of being sexual harassed or sexually assaulted while using public transport — particularly for young women under the age of 30 who make up 72% of respondents to Free to Be. Negative experiences in public transport spaces result in entrenched behaviours that may shape women's entire life access and desire to use public transport.
“MADA’s Free to Be analysis and the next phase of this research will help to reduce risk and fear for women and girls in Australian public transport spaces. Our analysis moves beyond plotting incidence of harassment to examining the fundamental qualities of the spaces and contexts in which sexual harassment happens.
“If we want public transport to be equally accessible to all, it is critically important to examine these public spaces as our city grows and new stations, routes and timetables are developed,” Dr Kalms said.
Plan International Australia Deputy CEO Susanne Legena said one in four (23 per cent) Australian young women Plan surveyed believed it was unsafe to travel alone on public transport after dark. She said the findings around public transport were ‘disturbing’.
“Everyone should be concerned about these results. It’s not acceptable that young women, in 2017, are still experiencing harassment and assault on our trains and trams, both at stations and on the street. The map makes it clear these are not isolated incidents. We can do better.
“It’s time decision makers really started to genuinely listen to women and girls so we can work towards cities and public spaces that are safe and welcoming for everyone.
“We’re really pleased that Metro has been proactive around the findings from our Free to Be map. Our youth activists have been working closely with Metro this year to make positive changes to ensure all girls and young women feel safe on and around public transport,” Ms Legena said.
- Melbourne Central – “Better to get on or off the train here than at Flagstaff or Parliament because there are more people around and better lighting.”
- Glen Waverley – “Well-lit and generally busy.”
- Hawksburn - “Surprisingly safe train station, always staffed and has PSOs after dark.”
- Southern Cross – ““It is well lit and the wide open space makes it feel safe.”
- South Kensington - “The station is basic but I always feel safe there.”
- Eaglemont – “I have never felt unsafe here, even catching the train home after midnight.”
- West Footscray – “With the relatively new station (and therefore new lighting etc.) and also the community/police officers at the station, I feel quite safe here.”
- Flinders Street: “A guy intensely stared at me for an entire train trip into Flinders, followed me off the train and then on to another platform. No one helped me.”
- Richmond: “I feel unsafe at night at this station as a young lone female. On one occasion at night I got off the train along with a group of five or six drunk men. They started calling out to me and then proceeded to chase me along the platform.”
- Brunswick: “During the day, a lot of very creepy men will be hanging around on the train and will often get off at Brunswick.”
- Box Hill: “Has always made me feel like I need to be extra cautious.”
- Footscray: “The walkway to my destination from the train station is blocked by trees/shrubs and completely dark. Intimidating people as well as indecent exposure/oeeing in public makes for an all round uncomfortable walk.”
- Jewell: “The train line is dark and vacant at night. Very scary to walk home from the Sydney Road trams.”
- Jacana: “Me and my friends had a joke rating for each station, Jacana was 5/5 skulls. To be fair it has improved since they bought in the armed transit officers but it's still very rough.”
About the Free to Be map
The Free to Be map was designed with CrowdSpot to offer women and girls an opportunity to pinpoint those places where they feel uncomfortable in public. It was live from October to December last year and attracted 1318 pins describing ‘happy’ and ‘sad’ spots and 379 individual comments. The archived map can be accessed here – please note the map is closed and is no longer accepting submissions.